Torch, which was established in 2020, is implementing some of these concepts in a totally new environment. Early outdoor detection for up to 10 acres is provided by the $299 device, which is fixed onto a spike put into a tree. It's a sizable addressable market that, regrettably, will expand even further in the years to come as wildfire threats rise.
Climate change is clearly to blame for this situation since it causes droughts and hotter temperatures, which are ideal conditions for destructive fires, especially in the western United States. As recently highlighted by NASA:
“Researchers supported by NASA's Earth Science Data Systems program, often known as NASA EarthData, showed that the frequency and size of fires increased in the western United States nearly exponentially between 1950 and 2019. In the 1950s, wildland fires typically covered 1,200 acres (485 hectares), but by the 2010s, that number had increased to nearly 3,400 acres on average (1,376 hectares).”
The concept for Torch was developed a few years prior to the establishment of the company, when co-founder and COO Vasily Tremsin was still a high school student.
“I developed the idea back in high school in 2017, as part of a science fair. In my senior year, there were these huge Napa Valley fires that took out half of the city of Napa,” he said. “My school closed down for a week, because there was so much smoke. It was a horrible situation. People lost billions of dollars in damage. I always did science projects solving some kind of issue, and there wasn’t any detector like this for the outdoors.”
Tremsin's co-founder and CEO, Michael Buckwald, previously worked on the groundbreaking peripheral business Leap Motion. He cites his personal experience of living in San Francisco as a key factor in his decision to join the team.
“When Vasily approached me with all the progress and the unique idea of a distributed approach to a low-cost sensor that could be placed frequently, it seemed obvious,” said Buckwald. “I guess I’m attracted to things that can be great businesses — because there’s a lot of land to cover, and it’s a problem that’s getting worse, not better — and can also have an impact on the world. So many of the deaths and so much of the damage from fires is from secondary and tertiary sources. The deaths are at least 100 times greater from pollution, the economic impact from pollution and the carbon impact. The statistics are really extraordinary.”
The on-board sensors are watching for smoke, light, and heat. The linked device of the owner will receive a wireless alert when the data reaches a particular threshold. The on-board thermal camera is currently just used for detection, but a later version might include a live feed, either directly on the device or via a linked camera (or, perhaps, drone). Power requirements have a role in the restrictions. A battery depletion would result from adding too many functions to the solar-powered gadget.
The devices form a kind of mesh network that allows for the connection of dozens or even hundreds of them to a single Wi-Fi gateway by using radio waves to interact.
According to Torch, it has been proving the technology's viability for some time with controlled burns by third parties. According to the company, “This patented approach has been tested on prescribed fire burns across California: in Sonoma, Lake, and Butte counties. Verifying results through multiple variables minimizes false positives and ensures accuracy.”
The product's preorder window opened mid-March. Torch plans to start shipping in the first quarter of 2024.